Author(s): Liu WH, Liu TC, Yin MC
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Abstract Alleviative effects of histidine and carnosine in mice against ethanol-induced oxidative and inflammatory was examined. After chronic alcoholic liver injury was induced, histidine and carnosine at 0.5, 1, 2g/L were added to the drinking water for 3 weeks. Results showed that the post-intake of histidine or carnosine markedly decreased alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities (P<0.05). Ethanol treatment increased malondialdehyde (MDA) level, decreased glutathione (GSH) content and catalase and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activities, and increased cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) activity in liver (P<0.05). The post-intake of histidine and carnosine significantly decreased MDA formations, increased GSH content, enhanced catalase and GPX activities, and suppressed CYP2E1 activity (P<0.05), in which the effects on catalase and CYP2E1 activities were dose-dependent (P<0.05). Ethanol treatment elevated hepatic levels of c-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) (P<0.05), the post-intake of histidine and carnosine significantly and dose-dependently diminished the release of CRP, IL-6, and TNF-alpha (P<0.05). Ethanol treatment caused down-regulation in both catalase and GPX mRNA expression, and up-regulated both IL-6 and TNF-alpha mRNA expression (P<0.05). Histidine and carnosine post-treatments significantly and dose-dependently upregulated catalase mRNA, and down-regulated mRNA expression of IL-6 and TNF-alpha (P<0.05). Based on the observed anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects, the supplement of histidine or carnosine might be helpful for the treatment of chronic alcoholic liver injury.
This article was published in Food Chem Toxicol
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals