alexa Beneficial effects of n-3 PUFA on chronic airway inflammatory diseases.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Author(s): Giudetti AM, Cagnazzo R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Chronic airway inflammation is a common symptom of several diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and cystic fibrosis. Excessive or inappropriate immune system activity and/or failure to resolve an acute inflammation spontaneously can induce functional changes in the walls and parenchyma of the airways. Continuous recruitment of inflammatory cells to the site of inflammation and the production of protein (i.e., cytokines, chemokines, enzymes, etc.) and lipid (eicosanoids) pro-inflammatory mediators contribute directly or indirectly to changes in airway structure and function. Pro-inflammatory eicosanoids are mainly formed by the metabolism of arachidonic acid, an n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid esterified at the s-n2 position of membrane phospholipids. Unlike n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), n-3 PUFA decrease inflammation. The anti-inflammatory effect of n-3 PUFA derives from their ability to compete with arachidonic acid in the production of eicosanoids, thereby decreasing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and reducing immune cell functions. Moreover, n-3 PUFA can give rise to a series of pro-resolving mediators with anti-inflammatory actions, such as resolvins and protectins. While most studies have reported n-3 PUFA to have beneficial effects on chronic airway diseases, some have questioned the anti-inflammatory effects of n-3 PUFA in inflammatory airway diseases. This paper summarizes the main mechanisms by which n-3 PUFA exert anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving effects, focusing on their use in airway disorders with an inflammatory component. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Food Processing & Technology
    October 02-04, 2017 London, UK
  • Public Health, Epidemiology & Nutrition
    November 13-14, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Food Processing & Technology
    December 05-07, 2016 San Antonio, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords