Author(s): Allen MJ, Coleman RA
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Abstract The permeability of bovine pulmonary artery endothelial (CPAE) monolayers to Evans blue-labelled albumin (Evans blue-albumin) has been measured in vitro. Thrombin caused a concentration-dependent increase in Evans blue-albumin clearance across endothelial monolayers. Isoprenaline inhibited thrombin-induced Evans blue-albumin clearance in a concentration-dependent manner (EC50 21 nM). This effect was mimicked by the selective beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists salbutamol (EC50 64 nM) and salmeterol (EC50 2.7 nM), but not by the selective beta 1-adrenoceptor agonist, RO-363 ((1-[3',4'-dihydroxyphenoxy]-2-hydroxy-[3",4"- dimethoxyphenethylamino]-propane)oxalate), nor by the selective beta 3-adrenoceptor agonist, CL-316,243 (disodium (R,R)-5-[2-[[2-(3-chlorophenyl)-2-hydroxyethyl]-amino]propyl]-1,3- benzodioxole-2,2-dicarboxylate). Isoprenaline, salbutamol and salmeterol, but not RO-363 or CL-316,243 produced small, but significant reductions in Evans blue-albumin clearance across unstimulated endothelial monolayers. Inhibition of the response to thrombin by isoprenaline was antagonised by the selective beta 2-adrenoceptor antagonist, ICI-118,551 ((erythro-DL-1(7-methylindan-4- yloxy)3-isopropylaminobutan-2-ol), pKB 8.4). Salmeterol also inhibited hydrogen peroxide-stimulated Evans blue-albumin clearance. Hence, the widely used beta 2-adrenoceptor agonists, salbutamol and salmeterol, are able to reduce endothelial permeability at nanomolar concentrations.
This article was published in Eur J Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy