Author(s): Pacheco P, Peres MJ, Faustino P, Pischedda C, Gonalves J,
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Abstract An autosomally transmitted hypochromic microcytic mild anaemia with elevated haemoglobin (Hb) A2 and globin chain imbalance has been observed in a three-generation family of Portuguese origin. Extensive DNA analysis of the beta-globin gene cluster, including the complete sequencing of the beta-globin gene and flanking regions, failed to reveal any genetic alteration. The co-segregation of sickle-cell trait in this family enabled us to postulate a defective erythroid trans-acting factor was playing a role in the down-regulation of both beta A- and beta S-globin genes. Among the transcription factors that could possibly have caused the reported phenotype, NF-E2 is unlikely to be implicated, whereas Nrf1 and Nrf2 cannot be ruled out. Thus, this family carries a novel beta-thalassaemia autosomal determinant unlinked to the beta-globin gene. This observation reinforces the notion of the haemoglobinopathies as single gene disorders under polygenic regulation.
This article was published in Br J Haematol
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion