alexa Better preservation of endocrine function after central versus distal pancreatectomy for mid-gland lesions.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Pancreatic Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): DiNorcia J, Ahmed L, Lee MK, Reavey PL, Yakaitis EA,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Traditional resections for benign and low-grade malignant neoplasms of the mid pancreas result in loss of normal parenchyma that can cause pancreatic endocrine and exocrine insufficiency. Central pancreatectomy (CP) is a parenchyma-sparing option for such lesions. This study evaluates a single institution's experience with CP and compares outcomes with distal pancreatectomy (DP). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on CP patients from 1997 through 2009 and evaluated outcomes. In a subset of 50 patients, we performed a matched-pairs analysis to directly compare the short- and long-term outcomes of CP and DP. RESULTS: Seventy-three patients underwent CP with a median operating room time of 254 minutes. Overall morbidity was 41.1\% with pancreatic fistula in 20.5\%. Mortality was 0\%. There were no differences in fistula, morbidity, and mortality rates between the CP and DP groups. The CP group had resected for smaller lesions. CP patients had a lower rate of new-onset and worsening diabetes than DP patients (14\% vs 46\%; P = .003). Of new-onset and worsening diabetics, only 1 CP patient required insulin compared with 14 DP patients (P = .002). CONCLUSION: CP is safe and effective for select neoplasms of the mid pancreas. Patients undergoing CP have markedly decreased insulin requirements compared with DP patients. Copyright © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Surgery and referenced in Pancreatic Disorders & Therapy

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