alexa Between- and within-subject variation in nutrient intake from infancy to old age: estimating the number of days required to rank dietary intakes with desired precision.


Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Nelson M, Black AE, Morris JA, Cole TJ, Nelson M, Black AE, Morris JA, Cole TJ

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Abstract In prospective studies of diet it is often necessary to know for how many days subjects should record food consumption in order to be able to rank subjects correctly according to their nutrient intakes. Data from six studies--of toddlers, families, schoolchildren, dietitians, pregnant women, and elderly subjects--were analyzed to estimate the number of recording days necessary for energy, 28 nutrients, and the ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids (P:S). The most striking finding is that 7 d of diet record do not rank subjects with the degree of accuracy commonly assumed. For some nutrients, such as iron, zinc, nicotinic acid, and pyridoxine, it may be desirable to record diet over a number of short, separate periods to achieve the number of days required. For others, such as copper, retinol, carotene, vitamin B-12, polyunsaturated fatty acids, P:S, and alcohol, alternative methods of assessment based on dietary histories or questionnaires may be more appropriate.
This article was published in Am J Clin Nutr and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

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