alexa Biglycan knockout mice: new models for musculoskeletal diseases.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Journal of Glycobiology

Author(s): Young MF, Bi Y, Ameye L, Chen XD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Biglycan is a Class I Small Leucine Rich Proteoglycans (SLRP) that is localized on human chromosome Xq28-ter. The conserved nature of its intron-exon structure and protein coding sequence compared to decorin (another Class I SLRP) indicates the two genes may have arisen from gene duplication. Biglycan contains two chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains attached near its NH(2) terminus making it different from decorin that has only one GAG chain. To determine the functions of biglycan in vivo, transgenic mice were developed that were deficient in the production of the protein (knockout). These mice acquire diminished bone mass progressively with age. Double tetracycline-calcein labeling revealed that the biglycan deficient mice are defective in their capacity to form bone. Based on this observation, we tested the hypothesis that the osteoporosis-like phenotype is due to defects in cells critical to the process of bone formation. Our data shows that biglycan deficient mice have diminished capacity to produce marrow stromal cells, the bone cell precursors, and that this deficiency increases with age. The cells also have reduced response to tranforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), reduced collagen synthesis and relatively more apoptosis than cells from normal littermates. In addition, calvaria cells isolated from biglycan deficient mice have reduced expression of late differentiation markers such as bone sialoprotein and osteocalcin and diminished ability to accumulate calcium judged by alizerin red staining. We propose that any one of these defects in osteogenic cells alone, or in combination, could contribute to the osteoporosis observed in the biglycan knockout mice. Other data suggests there is a functional relationship between biglycan and bone morphogenic protein-2/4 (BMP 2/4) action in controlling skeletal cell differentiation. In order to test the hypothesis that functional compensation can occur between SLRPs, we created mice deficient in biglycan and decorin. Decorin deficient mice have normal bone mass while the double biglycan/decorin knockout mice have more severe osteopenia than the single biglycan indicating redundancy in SLRP function in bone tissue. To further determine whether compensation could occur between different classes of SLRPs, mice were generated that are deficient in both biglycan (class I) and fibromodulin, a class II SLRP highly expressed in mineralizing tissue. These doubly deficient mice had an impaired gait, ectopic calcification of tendons and premature osteoarthritis. Transmission electron microscopy analysis showed that like the decorin and biglycan knockouts, they have severely disturbed collagen fibril structures. Biomechanical analysis of the affected tendons showed they were weaker compared to control animals leading to the conclusion that instability of the joints could be the primary cause of all the skeletal defects observed in the fibromodulin/biglycan knockout mice. These studies present important new animal models for musculoskeletal diseases and provide the opportunity to characterize the network of signals that control tissue integrity and function through SLRP activity. This article was published in Glycoconj J and referenced in Journal of Glycobiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version