Author(s): Rana C, Krishnani N, Kumari N
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Abstract Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection caused by Histoplasma capsulatum, which commonly presents as transient pulmonary infection that usually subsides without treatment. Disseminated histoplasmosis may affect almost all systems, including the reticuloendothelial system, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, renal tract, central nervous system, bone marrow, and adrenal glands. Adrenal gland is frequently involved in disseminated histoplasmosis but commonly present as unilateral mass; bilateral involvement is rare. It is also rare in immunocompetent hosts and only few cases have been reported in past. We report four cases of adrenal histoplasmosis with bilateral involvement. These cases were initially diagnosed cytopathologically on fine needle aspirations performed on adrenal glands. All these patients were immunocompetent and two of them also had associated adrenal insufficiency. Diagnosis of adrenal histoplasmosis can be easily made on fine needle aspiration cytology. Adrenal histoplasmosis can occur in immunocompetent individuals and should be considered in differential diagnosis of bilateral adrenal masses in immunocompetent individuals. Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
This article was published in Diagn Cytopathol
and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics