alexa Bilateral epistaxis in children: efficacy of bilateral septal cauterization with silver nitrate.


Otolaryngology: Open Access

Author(s): Link TR, Conley SF, Flanary V, Kerschner JE

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of control of epistaxis in patients with bilateral complaints using silver nitrate and to assess short-term complications from this therapy. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective chart review with prospective incident case identification in a tertiary referral pediatric otolaryngology practice. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Forty-six consecutive patients presenting to a single pediatric otolaryngologist with complaints of bilateral epistaxis received bilateral silver nitrate cauterization to the anterior septum and were seen in follow-up 2 months later to assess for control of epistaxis and complications from this therapy. RESULTS: Ninety-three percent (43/46) of patients followed-up at 2 months after therapy. About 93\% (40/43) had total or near-total resolution of their epistaxis. Five percent (2/43) of patients returned to the clinic after initial successful control for a second cauterization during the period of study. No significant complications of infection, perforation, long-term crusting, tattooing or mucocutaneous or allergic reactions were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral epistaxis can be treated at a single visit with bilateral silver nitrate therapy in children. This treatment is highly effective, well-tolerated, and appears to have a low rate of complications. This article was published in Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol and referenced in Otolaryngology: Open Access

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