Author(s): Yoshino S, Fujimori J, Morishige T, Uchida S
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Abstract Between 1973 and 1981, bilateral total replacement of hip and knee joints was performed in 22 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. During follow-up, 2 patients died of diseases not directly related to the operation. Besides these patients, there were 2 patients who could not be followed up. The remaining 18 patients constituted the subjects for study. We studied the postoperative results, emphasing improvement in the ability to perform everyday activities. Walking ability was improved in 16 patients. There was an increase in the number of patients able to rise from a chair, go up and down stairs, and get in and out of a car, bus or train. Of the 14 married patients (not including 2 patients who were unable to walk and 5 patients over 60 years of age) 7 were able to perform sexual intercourse as well as they had been able to when healthy. The patients who underwent bilateral total replacement of hip and knee joints often presented various problems, for example with regard to indications, the operative technique to use, as well as complications such as heart disease, pulmonary disease, and secondary amyloidosis. We have found, however, that bilateral total replacement of hip and knee joints can accomplish the operative objectives of eliminating pain and improving the quality of daily life in severely handicapped rheumatoid patients.
This article was published in Arch Orthop Trauma Surg
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation