alexa Bilateral serous retinal detachment as a presenting sign of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

Author(s): Kim J, Chang W, Sagong M

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Abstract We present a case of bilateral serous retinal detachment (SRD) as a presenting sign of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+) ALL). A 45-year-old woman presented with decreased vision and was found to have bilateral serous retinal detachment. Peripheral blood smears revealed leukocytosis of 53.9x10(3)/microL with 64.6\% lymphoblasts. A bone marrow aspirate revealed the presence of lymphoblasts. Cytogenetic and molecular genetic analysis detected a reciprocal translocation between chromosome 9 and 22, t(9;22) (q34;q11). A diagnosis of Ph(+) ALL was made. Following systemic chemotherapy, the bilateral SRD resolved completely with full recovery of vision. The sudden appearance of SRD should raise suspicion for leukemia. Prompt recognition of this disease is important for early systemic treatment and restoration of visual function.
This article was published in Korean J Ophthalmol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

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