Author(s): NielsenLeroux C, Charles JF
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Abstract The presence of specific receptors for Bacillus sphaericus binary toxin on brush-border membrane fractions (BBMF) from Culex pipiens larvae midgut cells was demonstrated by an in vitro binding assay. Both activated and radiolabelled polypeptides from the 51-kDa and 42-kDa binary toxin of B. sphaericus 1593 specifically bound to BBMF. Direct binding and homologous competition experiments indicated a single class of B. sphaericus toxin receptors, with a dissociation constant (Kd) of approximately 20 nM and a maximum binding capacity (Bmax) of approximately 7 pmol/mg BBMF protein. The sugars GalNAc, GlcNAc and N-acetyl neuraminic acid had no detectable inhibitory effect on toxin binding to C. pipiens BBMF. Binding experiments with the non-susceptible mosquito species Aedes aegypti failed to detect significant binding of B. sphaericus binary toxin to A. aegypti BBMF.
This article was published in Eur J Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Research