alexa Binding of human factor VIII to phospholipid vesicles.
Haematology

Haematology

Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Author(s): Gilbert GE, Furie BC, Furie B

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Factor VIII, a protein cofactor involved in blood coagulation, functions in vitro on a phospholipid membrane surface to greatly increase the rate of factor X activation by factor IXa. Using gel filtration, rapid sedimentation, and resonance energy transfer we have studied the interaction of recombinant-derived human factor VIII with small and large unilamellar phospholipid vesicles composed of phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylcholine. Resonance energy transfer, from intrinsic fluorophores in factor VIII to dansyl-phosphatidylethanolamine incorporated into vesicles, has been adapted for quantitative equilibrium measurements. Factor VIII binds rapidly and reversibly to small and large vesicles. At 8 degrees C the interaction of factor VIII with small vesicles fits a simple bimolecular model with a KD of 2 nM and a phospholipid binding site defined by 180 phospholipid monomers. At 25 degrees C the binding of factor VIII to small vesicles containing 20\% phosphatidylserine can be described by an apparent KD of 4 nM; the phospholipid/protein ratio at saturation was 170. Binding to large vesicles was demonstrated with a KD of 2 nM and a phospholipid/protein ratio at saturation of 385. Binding was dependent upon the phosphatidylserine mole fraction and was nonlinear from 0 to 30\% phosphatidylserine content. A direct comparison of factor VIII and factor V binding indicated that the affinity of factor V to phospholipid vesicles was equivalent to that of factor VIII and that the phosphatidylserine requirement was lower. A model is proposed to explain the nonlinear phosphatidylserine dependence of binding for factor VIII.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords