alexa Bioactive lignans from sesame (Sesamum indicum L.): evaluation of their antioxidant and antibacterial effects for food applications.


Journal of Experimental Food Chemistry

Author(s): Mahendra Kumar C, Singh SA

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Abstract Antioxidants protect the body from various disease conditions through their ability to neutralize the effects of free radicals. Synthetic antioxidants are extensively used in processed foods for prevention of oxidation and retention of sensory quality. Consumer awareness and preference has led to a vigorous interest in the search for natural antioxidants. Sesamin and sesamolin, the major lignans present in sesame oil, are known for their antioxidative properties. Roasted sesame oil has a higher concentration of sesamol, the thermally degraded product of sesamolin, which is considered a more potent antioxidant compared to its parent molecule. The isolated lignans and sesamol were tested for their antioxidant, free radical scavenging and antibacterial properties. Sesamol is the best antioxidant and free radical scavenger amongst the molecules studied with IC50 value of 5.44 μg / mL (DPPH radical scavenging activity). Antibacterial assays against food borne pathogens revealed sesamol to be an antimicrobial agent with minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 2 mg /mL in the culture. Its activity was synergistic with γ-tocopherol, also present in sesame seeds. Inhibition of browning (60-65 \%) in fruit pulps (apple, banana and potato) was observed in presence of 20 μM sesamol.
This article was published in J Food Sci Technol and referenced in Journal of Experimental Food Chemistry

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