alexa Biochemical analysis of the regulatory T cell protein lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG-3; CD223).


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Li N, Workman CJ, Martin SM, Vignali DA

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Abstract Lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG-3; CD223) is a CD4-related transmembrane protein that binds to MHC class II molecules. We have recently shown that LAG-3 is required for maximal regulatory T cell function, and that ectopic expression of LAG-3 is sufficient to confer regulatory activity. In this study we show that LAG-3 is cleaved within the D4 transmembrane domain connecting peptide into two fragments that remain membrane associated: a 54-kDa fragment that contains all the extracellular domains and oligomerizes with full-length LAG-3 (70 kDa) on the cell surface via the D1 domain, and a 16-kDa peptide that contains the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. This NH(2)-terminal fragment is subsequently released as soluble LAG-3 (sLAG-3), a process that is increased after T cell activation in vitro and in vivo, and is found in the sera of C57BL/6 and RAG-1(-/-) mice. Modulation of LAG-3 cleavage may contribute to the function of this key regulatory T cell protein.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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