Author(s): Heublein B, Rohde R, Kaese V, Niemeyer M, Hartung W,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a new concept of the degradation kinetics of newly developed coronary stents consisting of magnesium alloys. METHODS: Design of a coronary stent prototype consisting of the non-commercial magnesium based alloy AE21 (containing 2\% aluminium and 1\% rare earths) with an expected 50\% loss of mass within six months. Eleven domestic pigs underwent coronary implantation of 20 stents (overstretch injury). RESULTS: No stent caused major problems during implantation or showed signs of initial breakage in the histological evaluation. There were no thromboembolic events. Quantitative angiography at follow up showed a significant (p < 0.01) 40\% loss of perfused lumen diameter between days 10 and 35, corresponding to neointima formation seen on histological analysis, and a 25\% re-enlargement (p < 0.05) between days 35 and 56 caused by vascular remodelling (based on intravascular ultrasound) resulting from the loss of mechanical integrity of the stent. Inflammation (p < 0.001) and neointimal plaque area (p < 0.05) depended significantly on injury score. Planimetric degradation correlated with time (r = 0.67, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Vascular implants consisting of magnesium alloy degradable by biocorrosion seem to be a realistic alternative to permanent implants.
This article was published in Heart
and referenced in Journal of Biotechnology & Biomaterials