Author(s): Mahatthanatrakul W, Rattana K, Sriwiriyajan S, Wongnawa M, Ridtitid W
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Abstract AIM: To study the bioequivalence of a generic quetiapine (Quantia 200, manufactured by the Unison Laboratories Co., Ltd., Bangkok, Thailand) and the innovator product (Seroquel, AstraZeneca, Macclesfield, UK). VOLUNTEERS AND METHODS: The study was a randomized, 2-way crossover design with a 2-week washout period in 24 healthy Thai male volunteers. After a single 200 mg oral dosing, serial blood samples were collected at appropriate interval up to 48 h. Plasma quetiapine concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated using the WinNonlin software with noncompartment model analysis. Comparative bioequivalence between the two formulations was determined by analysis of variance (ANOVA) for 2-way crossover design. RESULTS: The mean +/- SD of maximum plasma concentration (Cmax), the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from 0 - 48 h (AUC0-48) and the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from 0 to infinity (AUC0-inf) of Quantia 200 vs. Seroquel were 886.60 +/- 356.50 vs. 811.34 +/- 323.37 ng/ml; 3,754.41 +/- 1,453.00 vs. 3,420.00 +/- 1,229.6 ng x h/ml and 4,015.35 +/- 1,528.25 vs. 3,769.45 +/- 1,296.69 ng x h/ml, respectively. Time to reach Cmax (tmax) of Quantia 200 and Seroquel were 1.08 +/- 0.778 and 1.10 +/- 0.79 h, respectively, and thus not significantly different. The 90\% confidence interval of the ratios of the logarithmically transformed of Cmax, AUC0-48 and AUC0-inf were 98.21 - 124.37\%, 94.43 - 117.03\% and 94.77 - 116.61\%, respectively, which were within the acceptable range of 80 - 125\%. Power of the test for Cmax, AUC0-48 and AUC0-inf was 92.1\%, 96.9\% and 97.4\%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Quantia 200, used in this study, was bioequivalent to Seroquel in terms of both the rate and extent of absorption.
This article was published in Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability