alexa Biogenic amines and the control of neuromuscular signaling in schistosomes.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Ribeiro P, Gupta V, ElSakkary N

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Biogenic amines are small cationic monoamines that function broadly as neurotransmitters and/or neuromodulators in every animal phylum. They include such ubiquitous substances as serotonin, dopamine and invertebrate-specific phenolamines (tyramine, octopamine), among others. Biogenic amines are important neuroactive agents in all the flatworms, including blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma, the etiological agents of human schistosomiasis. A large body of evidence spanning nearly five decades identifies biogenic amines as major modulators of neuromuscular function in schistosomes, controlling movement, attachment to the host and other fundamental behaviors. Recent advances in schistosome genomics have made it possible to dissect the molecular mechanisms responsible for these effects and to identify the proteins involved. These efforts have already provided important new information about the mode of action of amine transmitters in the parasite. Moreover, these advances are continuing, as the field moves into a post-genomics era, and new molecular tools for gene and protein analysis are becoming available. Here, we review the current status of this research and discuss future prospects. In particular, we focus our attention on the receptors that mediate biogenic amine activity, their structural characteristics, functional properties and "druggability" potential. One of the themes that will emerge from this discussion is that schistosomes have a rich diversity of aminergic receptors, many of which share little sequence homology with those of the human host, making them ideally suited for selective drug targeting. Strategies for the characterization of these important parasite proteins will be discussed. This article was published in Invert Neurosci and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords