Author(s): Zhang T, Zhao LL, Cao X, Qi LC, Wei GQ,
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Abstract This study is to investigate the key genes and their possible function in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The data of GSE4648 downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database include 6 time points (15 min, 60 min, 4h, 12h, 24h and 48 h) of 12 left ventricle (LV) samples, 12 surviving LV free wall (FW) samples, 12 inter-ventricular septum (IVS) samples after AMI operation and corresponding sham-operated samples. The data of each sample were analyzed with Affy and Bioconductor packages, and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened out using BETR package with false discovery rate (FDR)<0.01. Then, functional enrichment analysis for DEGs was conducted with Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID). Totally 194 DEGs were identified in LV, and only the gene tubulin beta 2a (Tubb2a) and natriuretic peptide B (Nppb) were respectively up-regulated in surviving FW tissue and IVS tissue. The biological process response to wounding and inflammatory response were significantly enriched, as well as leukocyte transendothelial migration pathway. Besides, the expression pattern analysis showed the DEGs mostly up-regulated at 4h after AMI, and these genes were mainly associated with immunity. Additionally, in transcriptional regulatory network, early growth response 1 (Egr1), activating transcription factor 3 (Atf3), Atf4, Myc and Fos were considered as the key transcription factors related to immune response. The key transcription factors and potential target genes might provide new information for the development of AMI, and leukocyte transendothelial migration pathway might play a vital role in AMI. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Gene
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy