Author(s): Cohen LB, Nanau RM, Delzor F, Neuman MG
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Abstract Inflammatory bowel disease, including its 2 entities ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, is a chronic medical condition characterized by the destructive inflammation of the intestinal tract. Biologics represent a class of therapeutics with immune intervention potential. These agents block the proinflammatory cascade that triggers the activation and proliferation of T lymphocytes at the level of the intestine, therefore reestablishing the balance between the pro- and anti-inflammatory messages. All 7 biologics showing clinical benefits in inflammatory bowel disease are monoclonal antibodies. The following systematic review discusses the pharmacokinetics and efficacy of the tumor necrosis factor blockers infliximab, adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, and golimumab. In addition, we describe the α4 integrin inhibitors natalizumab and vedolizumab, which are directed against cell adhesion molecules, as well as the interleukin 12/23 blocker ustekinumab. Copyright © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Transl Res
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology