alexa Biological monitoring of pesticide exposure: a review of analytical methods.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Author(s): Aprea C, Colosio C, Mammone T, Minoia C, Maroni M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A wide range of studies concerned with analytical methods for biological monitoring of exposure to pesticides is reviewed. All phases of analytical procedures are assessed, including sampling and storage, sample preparation and analysis, and validation of methods. Most of the studies aimed at measuring metabolites or unchanged compounds in urine and/or blood as biological indicators of exposure or dose. Biological indicators of effect, such as cholinesterase, are also evaluated. The principal groups of pesticides are considered: organophosphorus pesticides, carbamate pesticides, organochlorine pesticides, pyrethroid pesticides, herbicides, fungicides and other compounds. Choice of the method for biological monitoring of exposure depends on the study population: a detection limit of 1 microg/l or less is required for the general population; higher values are adequate for occupationally exposed subjects. Interpretation of results is also discussed. Since biological indices of exposure are only available for a few compounds, biological reference values, established for the general population, may be used for comparison with levels of professionally exposed subjects.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version