Author(s): Aprea C, Colosio C, Mammone T, Minoia C, Maroni M
Abstract Share this page
Abstract A wide range of studies concerned with analytical methods for biological monitoring of exposure to pesticides is reviewed. All phases of analytical procedures are assessed, including sampling and storage, sample preparation and analysis, and validation of methods. Most of the studies aimed at measuring metabolites or unchanged compounds in urine and/or blood as biological indicators of exposure or dose. Biological indicators of effect, such as cholinesterase, are also evaluated. The principal groups of pesticides are considered: organophosphorus pesticides, carbamate pesticides, organochlorine pesticides, pyrethroid pesticides, herbicides, fungicides and other compounds. Choice of the method for biological monitoring of exposure depends on the study population: a detection limit of 1 microg/l or less is required for the general population; higher values are adequate for occupationally exposed subjects. Interpretation of results is also discussed. Since biological indices of exposure are only available for a few compounds, biological reference values, established for the general population, may be used for comparison with levels of professionally exposed subjects.
This article was published in J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques