Author(s): Longmire MR, Ogawa M, Choyke PL, Kobayashi H
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Abstract The expanded biological and medical applications of nanomaterials place a premium on better understanding of the chemical and physical determinants of in vivo particles. Nanotechnology allows us to design a vast array of molecules with distinct chemical and biological characteristics, each with a specific size, charge, hydrophilicity, shape, and flexibility. To date, much research has focused on the role of particle size as a determinant of biodistribution and clearance. Additionally, much of what we know about the relationship between nanoparticle traits and pharmacokinetics has involved research limited to the gross average hydrodynamic size. Yet, other features such as particle shape and flexibility affect in vivo behavior and become increasingly important for designing and synthesizing nanosized molecules. Herein, we discuss determinants of in vivo behavior of nanosized molecules used as imaging agents with a focus on dendrimer-based contrast agents. We aim to discuss often overlooked or, yet to be considered, factors that affect in vivo behavior of synthetic nanosized molecules, as well as aim to highlight important gaps in current understanding.
This article was published in Bioconjug Chem
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Biotherapeutic Discovery