alexa Biology of human TH1 and TH2 cells.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Romagnani S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Evidence is accumulating to suggest the existence of polarized human T-cell responses, reminiscent of TH1 and TH2 subsets described for mouse T cells. Human TH1 cells preferentially develop during infections by intracellular bacteria and trigger phagocyte-mediated host defense, whereas TH2 cells, which predominate during helminthic infestations and in response to common environmental allergens, are responsible for phagocyte-independent host response. Human TH1 and TH2 cells exhibit not only different functional properties but probably also distinct surface markers; TH2, but not TH1, clones express membrane CD30 and release the soluble form of CD30, a member of the TNF receptor superfamily. The cytokine profile of "natural immunity" evoked by different offending agents in the context of different host genetic backgrounds appears to be the most critical factor in determining the phenotype of the subsequent specific response. IL-12 and IFN-alpha and gamma produced by macrophages and NK cells favor the development of TH1 cells, whereas the early production of IL-4 by a still-unidentified cell type favors the development of TH2 cells. Clearly, polarized human TH1 and TH2 responses not only play different roles in protection, they can also promote different immunopathological reactions. Strong and persistent TH1 responses seen to be involved in organ-specific autoimmunity, contact dermatitis, and some chronic inflammatory disorders of unknown etiology. In contrast, polarized TH2 responses favor a reduced protection against the majority of infectious agents (including HIV) and, in genetically predisposed hosts, are responsible for triggering of allergic atopic disorders.
This article was published in J Clin Immunol and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords