Author(s): Vanhoutte KJ, Laarakkers C, Marchiori E, Pickkers P, Wetzels JF,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Urine proteomics is one of the key emerging technologies to discover new biomarkers for renal disease, which may be used in the early diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of patients. In the present study, we validated surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS) for biomarker discovery in patients with mild ischaemic kidney injury. METHODS: We used first-morning mid-stream urine samples from healthy volunteers, and from intensive care unit patients we collected urine 12-24 h after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Samples of 50 volunteers were mixed to establish a reference sample (master pool). Urine samples were analysed with constant creatinine levels. RESULTS: The average intra- and interchip variation was found to be in the normal experimental range (CV of 10 to 30\%). Computational analysis revealed (i) low intra-individual day-to-day variation in individual healthy volunteers; (ii) high concordance between the master pool sample and individual samples. Machine learning techniques for classification of CABG condition vs healthy patients showed that (iii) in the 3-20 kDa range, the joint activity of four protein peaks effectively discriminated the two classes, (iv) in the 20-70 kDa range, a single m/z marker was sufficient to achieve perfect separation. CONCLUSIONS: Our results substantiate the effectiveness of Seldi-TOF MS-based computational analysis as a tool for discovering potential biomarkers in urine samples associated with early renal injury.
This article was published in Nephrol Dial Transplant
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics