Author(s): Bowers B, Lloyd J, Lee W, PowellCope G, Baptiste A
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Abstract This study investigated the severity of injuries associated with falling from bed and the effectiveness of injury-prevention strategies. Injury criteria were calculated for head- and feet-first falls from six bed heights onto a tiled surface and floor mat. These values indicated a 25\% chance of experiencing a serious head injury as a result of falling feet-first from a bed height of 97.5 cm onto a tiled surface. Risk of injury increased to 40\% when extrapolated for the height added by bedrails. Using a floor mat decreased this risk to less than 1\% for bedrail height for feet-first falls. Calculated impact forces indicated a risk of skull fracture when hitting the tiled surface. Floor mats and height-adjustable beds positioned to the lowest height should be used to decrease the risk of injury associated with falling from bed.
This article was published in Rehabil Nurs
and referenced in Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education