Author(s): Krishna KR, Philip L
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Abstract Ex situ treatment of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) contaminated soil using a bioreactor-biosorption system was evaluated as a novel remediation alternative. Leaching of Cr(VI) from the contaminated soil using various eluents showed that desorption was strongly affected by the solution pH. The leaching process was accelerated at alkaline conditions (pH 9). Though, desorption potential of ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) was the maximum among various eluents tried, molasses (5 g/L) could also elute 72\% of Cr(VI). Cr(VI) reduction studies were carried out under aerobic and facultative anaerobic conditions using the bacterial isolates from contaminated soil. Cr(VI) reduction was moderately higher in aerobic conditions than in facultative anaerobic conditions. The effect of various electron donors on Cr(VI) reduction was also investigated. Among five electron donors screened, peptone (10 g/L) showed maximum Cr(VI) reduction followed by molasses (10 g/L). The time required for complete Cr(VI) reduction was increased with increase in the initial Cr(VI) concentration. However, specific Cr(VI) reduction was increased with increase in initial Cr(VI) concentration. Sulfates and nitrates did not compete with Cr(VI) for accepting the electrons. A bioreactor was developed for the detoxification of Cr(VI). Above 80\% of Cr(VI) reduction was achieved in the bioreactor with an initial Cr(VI) concentration of 50 mg/L at an HRT of 8 h. An adsorption column was developed using Ganoderm lucidum (a wood rooting fungus) as the adsorbent for the removal of trivalent chromium (Cr(III)) and excess electron donor from the effluent of the bioreactor. The specific Cr(III) adsorption capacity of G. lucidum in the column was 576 mg/g. The new biosystem seems to be a promising alternative for the ex situ bioremediation of Cr(VI) contaminated soils.
This article was published in J Hazard Mater
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation