Author(s): Barbeau C, Deschnes L, Karamanev D, Comeau Y, Samson R
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Abstract The use of an indigenous microbial consortium, pollutant-acclimated and attached to soil particles (activated soil), was studied as a bioaugmentation method for the aerobic biodegradation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in a contaminated soil. A 125-l completely mixed soil slurry (10\% soil) bioreactor was used to produce the activated soil biomass. Results showed that the bioreactor was very effective in producing a PCP-acclimated biomass. Within 30 days, PCP-degrading bacteria increased from 10(5) cfu/g to 10(8) cfu/g soil. Mineralization of the PCP added to the reactor was demonstrated by chloride accumulation in solution. The soil-attached consortium produced in the reactor was inhibited by PCP concentrations exceeding 250 mg/l. This high level of tolerance was attributed to the beneficial effect of the soil particles. Once produced, the activated soil biomass remained active for 5 weeks at 20 degrees C and for up to 3 months when kept at 4 degrees C. The activated attached soil biomass produced in the completely mixed soil slurry bioreactor, as well as a PCP-acclimated flocculent biomass obtained from an air-lift immobilized-soil bioreactor, were used to stimulate the bioremediation of a PCP-impacted sandy soil, which had no indigenous PCP-degrading microorganisms. Bioaugmentation of this soil by the acclimated biomass resulted in a 99\% reduction (from 400 mg/kg to 5 mg/kg in 130 days) in PCP concentration. The PCP degradation rates obtained with the activated soil biomass, produced either as a biomass attached to soil particles or as a flocculent biomass, were similar.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation