alexa Bioremediation of phenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in creosote contaminated soil using ex-situ landtreatment.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Guerin TF

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Abstract Soil from a former creosoting plant containing phenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, was remediated using an ex-situ landtreatment process. Total 16 USEPA priority PAH and total phenol were reduced from 290 mg/kg and 40 mg/kg to < 200 mg/kg and 2 mg/kg, respectively. The bioremediation process involved soil mixing, aeration, and slow release fertilizer addition. The indigenous populations of PAH and phenol utilizing populations of microorganisms were shown to increase during the treatment process, indicating that biostimulation was effective. The most extensive degradation was apparent with the 2- and 3-ring PAH, with decreases of 97\% and 82\%, respectively. The higher molecular weight 3- and 4-ring PAH were degraded at slower rates, with reductions of 45\% and 51\%, respectively. Six-ring PAH were degraded the least with average reductions of < 35\%. The residual concentrations of PAH and total phenol obtained in the study allowed the treated soil to be disposed of as low level contaminated landfill.
This article was published in J Hazard Mater and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

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