Author(s): Mackie PS, Fisher JL, Zhou H, Choong PF
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Abstract Local growth of osteosarcoma involves destruction of host bone by proteolytic mechanisms and/or host osteoclast activation. Osteoclast formation and activity are regulated by osteoblast-derived factors such as the osteoclast differentiating factor, receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and the inhibitor osteoprotegerin (OPG). We have investigated the in vitro effects of bisphosphonates on a clonal rat osteosarcoma cell line. The aminobisphosphonate pamidronate was added to UMR 106-01 cell cultures (10(-8)M to 10(-4)M up to 5 days). The non-aminobisphosphonate clodronate was administered for the same time periods (10(-6)M to 10(-2)M). Cell proliferation, apoptosis and mRNA expression was assessed. Both agents inhibited cell proliferation in a time- and dose-dependent manner. ELISA analysis demonstrated an increase in DNA fragmentation although there was no significant dose-related difference between the doses studied. Bisphosphonate-treated cultures had a greater subpopulation of cells exhibiting morphological changes of apoptosis. Expression of mRNA for osteopontin and RANKL was down-regulated by both agents, while the expression of mRNA for alkaline phosphatase, pro-alpha1(I) collagen and OPG was not altered. Out in vitro work suggests the bisphosphonates not only have direct effects on osteosarcoma cell growth and apoptosis, but also, by altering the relative expression of osteoclast-regulating factors, they may inhibit the activity of osteoclasts and their recruitment. Copyright 2001 Cancer Research Campaign.
This article was published in Br J Cancer
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism