Author(s): Smith AL
Abstract Share this page
Abstract In the field of human IVF, culturing embryos to the blastocyst stage has gained popularity within the past few years. The impetus to transfer blastocysts has been spurred by several factors: 1) the desire to improve implantation rates in infertility patients, 2) a desire to reduce the multiple pregnancy rate by transferring fewer embryos, 3) the desire to perform pre-implantation genetic diagnosis, and 4) the advent of sequential media. Although culturing human embryos to the Hastocyst stage has improved implantation rates and reduced the incidence of multiple pregnancies in some patient populations, it has not worked for all populations of infertility patients. Factors that may affect the ability of a human embryo to reach the blastocyst stage include the patient's age, cohort of ova retrieved, the use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection of blastomere biopsy, culture conditions, or intrinsic factors within the embryo itself. Culture of human embryos to the blastocyst stage can be an effective method for improving implantation rates and reducing the high order multiple pregnancy rates seen in human IVF clinics when more than three embryos are transferred.
This article was published in Theriogenology
and referenced in Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology