Author(s): Bajza A, Nmeth J, Peitl B, Szilvssy Z
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Abstract PURPOSE: Hemodynamic nitrate tolerance has been shown to result in an insulin-resistant state. We studied whether nitrate tolerance induced by a 7-day continuous exposure to transdermal nitroglycerin influenced the meal-induced insulin sensitization phenomenon in rabbits. METHODS: Changes in insulin sensitivity in response to feeding in conscious rabbits were determined by rapid insulin sensitivity test, in both nitrate-tolerant and nitrate-intolerant animals. In a separate series of experiments with anesthetized rabbits with or without nitrate tolerance, the hyperinsulinemic euglycemic glucose clamping methods was used to study the effect of intraportal infusion of cholecystokinin (CCK) on whole-body insulin sensitivity. RESULTS: Rabbits with normal feeding exhibited a 46 ± 6\% increase in insulin sensitivity as compared with their matching fasting controls. A 7-day period of treatment with patches releasing 0.07 mg of nitroglycerin per hour yielded nitrate tolerance and a state of insulin resistance and no increase in insulin sensitivity in response to food. Intraportal infusion of CCK8 (0.3-3.0 μg/kg over 20 minutes) resulted in a dose-dependent increase in insulin sensitivity in normal but not in nitrate-tolerant, fasted anesthetized animals. CONCLUSIONS: Nitrate tolerance blocks both the meal-induced insulin sensitization phenomenon and the insulin-sensitizing effect of intraportal CCK.
This article was published in J Cardiovasc Pharmacol
and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access