Author(s): Kobayashi S, Satoh M, Namikoshi T, Haruna Y, Fujimoto S,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Serotonin (5-HT) is involved in vascular inflammation and atherosclerogenesis. Serum 5-HT concentrations are elevated in diabetes, and 5-HT is involved in diabetic vasculopathies. Sarpogrelate hydrochloride, a 5-HT2A receptor antagonist, has renoprotective effects, but its effect in diabetic nephropathy is not elucidated. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of sarpogrelate on endothelial dysfunction in rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. METHODS: Rats with STZ-induced diabetes were either untreated or treated with sarpogrelate (30 mg/kg P.O.) for 8 weeks. At the end of the experiment, we measured urinary albumin excretion, serum adiponectin concentration and platelet-derived microparticles. Intraglomerular coagulation was detected by immunostaining for platelets. Production of renal reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) was investigated by confocal laser microscopy and used as an index of glomerular endothelial dysfunction. RESULTS: Diabetic nephropathy was associated with enhanced production of ROS and diminished bioavailable NO in the glomeruli. Treatment with sarpogrelate improved ROS/NO imbalance in glomeruli, suppressed platelet aggregation in glomeruli, reduced platelet-derived microparticles, increased serum adiponectin level and reduced the level of albuminuria, compared with non-treated diabetic rats. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that sarpogrelate improves endothelial function in rats with STZ-induced diabetes through a reduction of glomerular platelet activation and an increase in serum adiponectin concentrations and suggest that sarpogrelate is potentially useful for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.
This article was published in Clin Exp Nephrol
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta