Author(s): Furuishi K, Matsuoka H, Takama M, Takahashi I, Misumi S,
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Abstract The role of the N-myristoylation of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gag protein in ACH-2 cells was studied. The infectivity of HIV-1 from the cells stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) was suppressed by pretreatment with N-myristoyl glycinal diethylacetal (N-Myr-GOA), a potent N-myristoylation inhibitor, and the blockage of myristoylation resulted in accumulation of immature gag precursors. The viral particles which budded from the non-N-Myr-GOA-treated ACH-2 cells stimulated with PMA exhibited a typical viral phenotype, whereas those which budded from the N-Myr-GOA-treated ACH-2 cells stimulated with PMA were twisted, as observed electron microscopically. In electron microscopic analyses with gold-labeled monoclonal antibodies to gag and env, gag and env were detected adjacent to each other in the PMA-stimulated ACH-2, but no env was detected in the cells treated with N-Myr-GOA. Taken together, the results suggest that the myristoylation of HIV-1 gag seems to be responsible for both maturation of gag and acquisition of HIV-1 infectivity.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics