alexa [Blood feeding sources and peridomiciliation of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912) (Psychodidae, Phlebotominae)].
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development

Author(s): Dias Fde O, Lorosa ES, Reblo JM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A precipitin test was employed to study the alimentary tract content of Lutzomyia longipalpis in the intra- and peridomiciliary environments in the municipality of Raposa, Maranh o State, a transmission area for visceral leishmaniasis or kala azar. Out of 2,240 female sandflies captured, 547 (24.4\%) had fed on vertebrate blood, with the following proportions: avian (87.9\%); rodent (47.2\%); human (42.4\%); canine (27.6\%); opossum (26.6\%); and equine (22.5\%). Based on a survey of 120 human dwellings, chickens were found to be the most common domestic animals in the peridomicile (28.3\%), followed by dogs (21.7\%), cats (17.5\%), donkeys (13.3\%), pigeons (7.5\%), rabbits (3.3\%), ducks (3.3\%), and horses, mallards, and pigs (1.7\% each). Synanthropic animals included opossums (39.3\%), followed by rats (37.9\%), bats (14.3\%), raccoons (3.6\%), foxes (2.1\%), snakes (1.4\%), and frogs (1.4\%). The peridomiciliary presence of domestic and synanthropic animals as well as sandflies that had fed on human, opossum, and canid blood supports the hypothesis that kala azar transmission has been taking place in the anthropic environment in the municipality of Raposa.
This article was published in Cad Saude Publica and referenced in Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords