alexa Blood platelets and inflammation: their relationship with liver and digestive diseases.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Ripoche J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract An expansion of knowledge from basic and clinical research has highlighted the critical role of platelets in inflammation and tissue repair in addition to their established contribution to hemostasis. Activated platelets are a rich source of mediators participating to inflammation and tissue regeneration. Platelet-derived microparticles recapitulate essential platelet functions and their contribution to the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases has been emphasized. Recent findings suggest that platelets are both friends and foes for the liver. Platelets are essential to liver regeneration, platelet-derived serotonin being critical. However platelets can also exacerbate liver damage, as in immune-mediated injury. The dual role of platelets has recently been exemplified in animal models of liver fibrosis. Platelets release profibrogenic mediators, such as CXC Chemokine Ligand 4, that is instrumental in the progression of liver fibrosis. On the other hand, thrombocytopenia aggravates liver fibrosis, an outcome linked to the downregulation of hepatic stellate cell collagen production by platelet derived hepatocyte growth factor. CD154, a key molecule in inflammation, is expressed by platelets and is a pathogenic mediator in inflammatory bowel disease. Here, we summarize some of the mechanisms linking platelets with inflammation and comment few recent articles indicating why platelets may prove to be important pathogenic mediators in liver and gastrointestinal diseases. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. This article was published in Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords