alexa B-lymphocyte deficiency increases atherosclerosis in LDL receptor-null mice.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Major AS, Fazio S, Linton MF

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease characterized by innate and adaptive immune responses. We investigated the role of B cells and antibodies in the development of atherosclerosis in low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-deficient (LDLR(-/-)) mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using wild-type and B cell-deficient mice as bone marrow donors, we were able to generate LDLR(-/-) mice that possessed <1.0\% of their normal B cell population. B cell-deficient LDLR(-/-) mice on a Western diet showed marked decreases in total serum antibody and anti-oxidized LDL antibody. B cell deficiency was associated with a 30\% to 40\% increase in the lesion area in the proximal and distal aortas. Real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunospot analyses showed a decrease in proatherogenic (interferon-gamma) and antiatherogenic (interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor-beta) cytokine mRNA and a decrease in interleukin-4- and interferon-gamma-producing cells. Additionally, we observed a decrease in splenocyte proliferation to oxidized LDL in the B cell-deficient LDLR(-/-) mice, suggesting that B lymphocytes may play a role in the presentation of lipid antigen. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these data demonstrate that B cells and/or antibodies are protective against atherosclerosis and that this protection may be conferred by B cell-mediated immune regulation.
This article was published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords