alexa Body mass index is associated with the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome.


Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine

Author(s): Gong MN, Bajwa EK, Thompson BT, Christiani DC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is unknown. METHODS: A cohort study of critically ill patients at risk for ARDS was carried out. BMI was calculated from admission height and weight. Patients were screened daily for AECC (American European Consensus Committee)-defined ARDS and 60-day ARDS mortality. RESULTS: Of 1795 patients, 83 (5\%) patients were underweight (BMI <18.5 kg/m(2)), 627 (35\%) normal (BMI 18.5-24.9), 605 (34\%) overweight (BMI 25-29.9), 364 (20\%) obese (BMI 30-39.9) and 116 (6\%) severely obese (BMI > or =40). Increasing weight was associated with younger age (p<0.001), diabetes (p<0.0001), higher blood glucose (p<0.0001), lower prevalence of direct pulmonary injury (p<0.0001) and later development of ARDS (p = 0.01). BMI was associated with ARDS on multivariate analysis (OR(adj) 1.24 per SD increase; 95\% CI 1.11 to 1.39). Similarly, obesity was associated with ARDS compared with normal weight (OR(adj) 1.66; 95\% CI 1.21 to 2.28 for obese; OR(adj) 1.78; 95\% CI 1.12 to 2.92 for severely obese). Exploratory analysis in a subgroup of intubated patients without ARDS on admission (n = 1045) found that obese patients received higher peak (p<0.0001) and positive end-expiratory pressures (p<0.0001) than non-obese patients. Among patients with ARDS, increasing BMI was associated with increased length of stay (p = 0.007) but not with mortality (OR(adj) 0.89 per SD increase; 95\% CI 0.71 to 1.12). CONCLUSION: BMI was associated with increased risk of ARDS in a weight-dependent manner and with increased length of stay, but not with mortality. Additional studies are needed to determine whether differences in initial ventilator settings may contribute to ARDS development in the obese.
This article was published in Thorax and referenced in Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version