Author(s): Manosuthi W, Sungkanuparph S, Tantanathip P, Mankatitham W, Lueangniyomkul A,
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Abstract Seventy-one human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with tuberculosis who were receiving a rifampin (rifampicin)-containing regimen were initiated on treatment with efavirenz at 600 mg/day plus stavudine-lamivudine. Fasting efavirenz concentrations at 12 h after dosing (C12) were monitored. The mean +/- standard deviation efavirenz C12 at weeks 6 and 12 and after rifampin discontinuation were 4.5 +/- 4.3, 3.8 +/- 3.5, and 3.5 +/- 2.7 mg/liter, respectively. High body weight was associated with a low efavirenz C12 at weeks 6 and 12 (P = 0.003, r = -0.255). The efavirenz C12 regression prediction line at 1 mg/liter intercepted a mean body weight of 57.5 kg.
This article was published in Antimicrob Agents Chemother
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology