Author(s): Saurin JC, NmozGaillard E, Sordat B, Cuber JC, Coy DH, , Saurin JC, NmozGaillard E, Sordat B, Cuber JC, Coy DH,
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Abstract The neuropeptide bombesin and its mammalian homologue, gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), enhance proliferation in some but not all human tumor cell lines. The pathophysiological relevance of the bombesin/GRP receptor (GRP-R), which is expressed in 30\% of human colon tumor cell lines and in 24-40\% of native tumors, has not been clearly assessed at this time. We studied the effects of bombesin in the recently characterized human colon carcinoma Isreco1 cell line. Competitive reverse transcription-PCR showed a high GRP-R mRNA level in Isreco1 cells, and binding studies confirmed the expression of bombesin/GRP-subtype receptors (Kd = 0.42 nM; Bmax = 18,000 sites/cell). Exposure to bombesin resulted in an increase of intracellular calcium concentrations. Bombesin (1 nM) induced cell spreading at 24 h (21.7+/-1.6\% versus 6.4+/-0.8\% in control cells; P<0.01) and markedly increased the formation of lamellipodia. In addition, adhesion of Isreco1 cells to collagen I-coated culture dishes was stimulated in the presence of 1 nM bombesin (69+/-6\% versus 42+/-1\% in control cells; P<0.01). Finally, bombesin significantly increased [3H]thymidine uptake by Isreco1 cells in a dose-dependent manner, with a first significant response at 0.1 nM and a maximal effect at 100 nM bombesin (192.2+/-9.7\% of control). These results clearly indicate that bombesin exerts morphological, adhesive, and proliferative effects on Isreco1 cells, suggesting that expression of the bombesin/GRP-R may contribute to the malignant properties of colon carcinoma cells.
This article was published in Cancer Res
and referenced in Cancer Surgery