Author(s): Tabata Y, Hong L, Miyamoto S, Miyao M, Hashimoto N,
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Abstract The objective of the present study is to investigate the addition effect of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 on the bone formation at a rabbit skull defect induced by autologous bone marrow (BM). Following application of gelatin microspheres containing TGF-beta1, with or without BM cells to skull bone defects, bone formation at the defect was assessed by soft X-ray, dual energy X-ray absorptometry (DEXA), and histological examinations. After implantation for 6 weeks, gelatin microspheres containing 0.05 microg of TGF-beta1 plus 10(6) of BM cells induced bone formation at the 6 mm diameter bone defect. The defect was histologically closed by newly formed bone tissue, whilst both gelatin microspheres containing 0.05 microg of TGF-beta1, and 10(6) and 10(7) of BM cells were ineffective. A DEXA experiment revealed that combination of gelatin microspheres containing TGF-beta1 with BM cells enhanced the bone mineral density at the skull defect to a significantly greater extent than other agents. These findings indicate that a combination of gelatin microspheres containing TGF-beta1 enabled BM cells to enhance the osteoinductive ability, resulting in bone formation even at the cell number at which BM cells alone were ineffective.
This article was published in J Biomater Sci Polym Ed
and referenced in Dentistry