Author(s): Botolin S, McCabe LR
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Abstract Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) is associated with increased risk of osteopenia/osteoporosis in humans. The mechanisms accounting for diabetic bone loss remain unclear. Pharmacologic inducers of IDDM, such as streptozotocin, mimic key aspects of diabetes in rodents, allow analysis at the onset of diabetes, and induce diabetes in genetically modified mice. However, side effects of streptozotocin, unrelated to diabetes, can complicate data interpretation. The nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse model develops diabetes spontaneously without external influences, negating side effects of inducing agents. Unfortunately, in this model the onset of diabetes is unpredictable, occurs in a minority of male mice, and can only be studied in a single mouse strain. To validate the relevance of the more flexible streptozotocin-induced diabetes model for studying diabetes-associated bone loss, we compared its phenotype to the spontaneously diabetic NOD model. Both models exhibited hyperglycemia and loss of body, fat pad, and muscle weight. Furthermore, these genetically different and distinct models of diabetes induction demonstrated similar bone phenotypes marked by significant trabecular bone loss and increased bone marrow adiposity. Correspondingly, both diabetic models exhibited decreased osteocalcin mRNA and increased adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein 2 mRNA levels in isolated tibias and calvaria. Taken together, multiple streptozotocin injection-induced diabetes is a valid model for understanding the acute and chronic pathophysiologic responses to diabetes and their mechanisms in bone.
This article was published in Endocrinology
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism