alexa Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells induce division arrest anergy of activated T cells.
Haematology

Haematology

Journal of Bone Research

Author(s): Glennie S

Abstract Share this page

It has been shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) induce T cells to become unresponsive. We characterized the phenotype of these T cells by dissecting the effect of MSCs on T-cell activation, proliferation, and effector function. For this purpose, an in vitro murine model was used in which T-cell responses were generated against the male HY minor histocompatibility antigen. In the presence of MSCs, the expression of early activation markers CD25 and CD69 was unaffected but interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production was reduced. The inhibitory effect of MSCs was directed mainly at the level of cell proliferation. Analysis of the cell cycle showed that T cells, stimulated in the presence of MSCs, were arrested at the G1 phase. At the molecular level, cyclin D2 expression was profoundly inhibited, whereas p27(kip1) was up-regulated. When MSCs were removed from the cultures and restimulated with the cognate peptide, T cells produced IFN-gamma but failed to proliferate. The addition of exogenous interleukin-2 (IL-2) did not restore proliferation. MSCs did not preferentially target any T-cell subset, and the inhibition was also extended to B cells. MSC-mediated inhibition induces an unresponsive T-cell profile that is fully consistent with that observed in division arrest anergy.

This article was published in Blood. and referenced in Journal of Bone Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords