Author(s): Warren MK, Vogel SN
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Abstract To investigate the role of specific cytokines in the development of the fully mature macrophage, we have employed murine bone marrow cells that were grown in the presence of CSF-1, a colony-stimulating factor that has been shown to induce the proliferation and differentiation of macrophages from their precursor cells. The CSF-1 employed in these studies was partially purified to ensure removal of contaminating interferon (IFN) from the preparations. After 1 to 2 wk in the presence of the partially purified CSF-1, the adherent macrophages were removed from flasks enzymatically and were recultured at known densities in the absence of CSF-1. Cell surface antigens (Mac-1 and Ia) and Fc receptor capacity (as assessed by Fc-mediated phagocytosis) were examined as markers of macrophage differentiation. Basal levels of Fc receptor capacity and Mac-1 antigen were markedly influenced by exposure to CSF-1, and appear to be modulated by CSF-induced, macrophage-derived IFN. When the bone marrow-derived macrophages were exposed to exogenous IFN in the absence of CSF-1, they proved to be extremely inducible with respect to Fc-mediated phagocytosis (IFN-beta and rIFN-gamma) and Ia antigen expression (rIFN-gamma) when compared with thioglycollate-elicited macrophages. Thus, macrophage growth factors, such as CSF-1, promote macrophage maturation by inducing the production of autostimulatory signals, such as macrophage-derived IFN. In addition, exogenous cytokine stimuli, such as IFN-gamma, further amplify the differentiative potential of these cells. Bone marrow-derived macrophages, propagated under well-defined conditions and never exposed to eliciting agents, provide a powerful model for studying the role of cytokines, such as CSF-1 and IFN, in the differentiative pathway of macrophages.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology