alexa Bone mineral density of opposing hips using dual energy X-Ray absorptiometry in single-beam and fan-beam design.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Angiology: Open Access

Author(s): Franck H, Munz M, Scherrer M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Bone densitometry focuses on bone mineral area density (BMD in g/cm2) of the proximal femur and spine in anterior-posterior (AP) projections. Artifacts, such as osteoarthritis and osteophytic calcifications (OC) influence spine BMD, especially in AP scans. If only two sites are measured, as is usual in clinical practice, there may be advantages to measuring both femora rather than one femur and the spine. This would not be useful, however, if there was strong symmetry between the two sides. Furthermore, fan beam (FB) techniques have become available for measuring BMD with less data acquisition time. We compared densitometry of opposing femora in 421 patients (369 women, mean age 59.0 +/- 4.8; 52 men, mean age 56.9 +/- 7.4) using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): both single-beam (SB) and FB modes were evaluated. The precision errors in vivo (short- and midterm) of total BMD were 0.7\% for both SB and FB. The total BMD and BMC of the left hip (0.817 +/- 0.124 g/cm2, 31. 3 +/- 6.4 g) were significantly (P < 0.001) higher (2-3\%) than the corresponding values of the right hip (0.801 +/- 0.125 g/cm2, 30.3 +/- 6.3 g) in both SB and FB (left BMD 0.802 +/- 0.117 g/cm2, BMC 30. 0 +/- 6.2 g versus right BMD 0.795 +/- 0.117 g/cm2, BMC 29.3 +/- 6.3 g) modes. However, BMD of the femoral neck and Ward's triangle were not significantly (P > 0.05) different between the two sides. The FB results were generally 2\% lower than SB results. There were highly significant (P < 0.001) correlations (r > 0.9) between both hips using both SB and FB. For diagnostic procedures and longitudinal studies, one should consider that there are bilateral differences of femur BMD, as well as differences between FB and SB scan modes.
This article was published in Calcif Tissue Int and referenced in Angiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Conference on Angiology
    Oct 16-17, 2017, Budapest, Hungary
  • 21st International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
    October 16-18, 2017 Chicago, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords