Author(s): Ro TB, Holt RU, Brenne AT, HjorthHansen H, Waage A,
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Abstract Previously, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and -4 have been shown to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in human myeloma cells. BMP-2 and -4 belong to a subgroup of BMPs using the BMP receptors Alk-3 or -6. In this study, we examined the effects on human myeloma cells of BMP-6 and -7, members of a different BMP subgroup, which mainly utilize Alk-2 as their receptor. All cell lines examined expressed mRNA for the BMP-6 and -7 receptor Alk-2. We did not detect transcripts for the BMP-2 and -4 receptors Alk-3 or Alk-6 in INA-6 and RPMI-8226 cells by RT-PCR. Accordingly, the intracellular signalling molecules Smad-1, -5 and -8 were not phosphorylated by BMP-4 in INA-6 and RPMI-8226 cells. The expression patterns of various BMP receptors in the myeloma cell lines explained the differences in responses to the various BMPs. Alk-2-expressing cell lines responded with growth inhibition and apoptosis to BMP-6 and -7, whereas cell lines lacking both Alk-3 and -6 were resistant to BMP-4. Soluble Alk-3 and -6 were able to neutralize the BMP-4 effects in BMP-4-responsive cell lines. All BMPs reduced viability in more than 70\% of purified primary myeloma cell samples. BMPs have intriguing antitumor effects in vitro. Importantly, myeloma cells not responsive to BMP-2 and -4 may still be sensitive to BMP-6 or -7. It is possible that therapeutic use of BMP or BMP analogues could have an impact on both myeloma bone disease and myeloma cell growth.
This article was published in Oncogene
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis