alexa Botulinum toxin B as an effective and safe treatment for neuroleptic-induced sialorrhea.


Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Steinlechner S, Klein C, Moser A, Lencer R, Hagenah J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract RATIONALE: Severe sialorrhea is a common, potentially stigmatizing and disabling side-effect of neuroleptic drugs such as clozapine. Sialorrhea also occurs in neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD). For neurological diseases, several studies have demonstrated botulinum toxin type B to be a safe and effective treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the treatment effects, tolerance, and duration of treatment-induced effects of botulinum toxin type B (Neurobloc) in the context of neuroleptic-induced sialorrhea (group 1) or PD-associated drooling (group 2) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: Nine patients (four from group 1; five from group 2) with severe sialorrhea received injections into the salivary glands with either botulinum toxin type B or placebo and were followed over 16 weeks. RESULTS: We found large effect sizes for improvement of sialorrhea in patients treated with botulinum toxin type B, whereas the improvement of sialorrhea in those receiving placebo was only small. No patient reported any side effects. Reduction of sialorrhea lasted for 8 to 16 weeks after a single injection. CONCLUSIONS: Like for PD, botulinum toxin type B represents an effective and safe treatment for neuroleptic-induced sialorrhea with a treatment effect of 8 to 16 weeks. This article was published in Psychopharmacology (Berl) and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version