Author(s): Lindner GM, Wright RW Jr
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Abstract The following paper briefly reviews the morphology of the bovine embryo and presents a retrospective analysis of bovine embryo transfer results accumulated from April to December of 1982 at a commercial embryo transfer center. Of particular interests were bovine embryo morphology, assessment of embryo quality, and recipient-donor, recipient-embryo synchrony requirements. Embryos were recovered from superovulated donors five to nine days after estrus (estrus = day O). All embryos were individually examined at 200X for cell stage of development and embryo quality. Embryos were nonsurgically transferred to recipients that were within two days of estrous cycle synchrony with the donor. Attempts were made to synchronize estimated developmental age of embryos to the day of the recipient cycle. A high degree of variability was observed in morphological development and embryo quality within and among donors. Embryo recovery in individual donors resulted in a wide range of embryonic cell stages, often differing in estimated developmental ages from 24 to 48 hours. A total of 783 embryos were transferred, resulting in 308 pregnancies. Stage of embryonic development (16-cell through hatched blastocyst) had little effect on pregnancy rates. Embryo quality was a more accurate predictor of success. Embryos of excellent, good, fair and poor categories resulted in 45\%, 44\%, 27\% and 20\% pregnancy rates, respectively. Recipient-donor estrous cycle synchrony of two days in either direction did not significantly alter pregnancy rates. However, 88\% of 258 pregnancies (584 total transfers) occurred with a +/-1 day recipient-embryo synchrony compared to 74\% based on +/-1 day recipient-donor cycle synchrony (P<0.001). Results suggest that transfer of bovine embryos based on synchrony between day of recipient cycle and state of embryonic development provides higher pregnancy rates than transfers based on recipient-donor cycle synchrony.
This article was published in Theriogenology
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy