Author(s): Dego OK, Tareke F
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Abstract A study on bovine mastitis, designed to determine the causal agents, prevalence of infection and impact of risk factors in three cattle breeds, was conducted in selected areas of southern Ethiopia. A total of 307 lactating and non-lactating cows, of which 162 were indigenous Zebu, 85 Jersey and 60 Holstein-Friesian. were examined by clinical examination and the California mastitis (CMT) test. Of these, 40.4\% were positive by CMT and bacteriology for clinical or subclinical mastitis, with prevalence rates of 37.1\% and 62.9\%, respectively. Out of 1133 quarters examined, 212 (18.7\%) were found to be infected, 83 (39.21\%) clinically and 129 (60.8\%) subclinically. The prevalence of mastitis was significantly higher in Holstein-Friesian than in indigenous Zebu, in non-lactating cows than in lactating cows, in the early lactation stage than in the mid-lactation stage, in cows with lesions and/or tick infestation on skin of udder and/or teats than in cows without this factor, and in the wet season than in the dry season. Mastitis increased with parity number (R = 0.9). Of 248 CMT and clinically positive udder quarter samples analysed microbiologically, 212 were culturally positive for known mastitis pathogens and 36 were negative. Of the 199 positive samples. Staphylococcus accounted for 39.2\%. Streptococcus for 23.6\%, coliforms for 14.1\%, Micrococcus and Bacillus species for 8.0\% each and Actinomyces or Arcanobacterium (Corynebacterium) for 7.0\%. It was concluded that there was a high prevalence of clinical and subclinical mastitis, mainly caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae and Escherichia coli, in this study area.
This article was published in Trop Anim Health Prod
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology