alexa Bovine viral diarrhea viruses modulate toll-like receptors, cytokines and co-stimulatory molecules genes expression in bovine peripheral blood monocytes.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Preventive Medicine

Author(s): Lee SR, Pharr GT, Boyd BL, Pinchuk LM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We have used noncytopathic (ncp) and cytopathic (cp) Bovine Viral Diarrhea Viruses (BVDV) to determine the expression levels of TLR genes, type I IFN, pro-inflammatory and Th1/Th2 cytokine gene expression in bovine monocytes. In general, both BVDV strains had similar effects. However, we found some significant differences that could be due to biological differences between cp and ncp BVDV strains. TLR3 was significantly up-regulated in 1h ncp, but not in cp BVDV- infected monocytes, whereas TLR7 expression dominated in 24h infection with both BVDV strains. Type I IFN and IL-12 gene expression was also significantly up-regulated in 1h ncp, but not cp BVDV infection that correlated with the enhanced TLR3 gene expression. Both BVDV biotypes suppressed pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, and IL-6, co-stimulatory molecules CD80 and CD86, but did not change Th1 type cytokine IL-12 and INF-gamma, gene expression after 24h infection. We hypothesize that BVDV may escape immune responses by altering the expression of TLR 3 and 7 and their signaling pathways. This article was published in Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis and referenced in Journal of Infectious Diseases & Preventive Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords