Author(s): Kottkamp H, Berg J, Bender R, Rieger A, Schreiber D
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation strategies beyond pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) are less well defined. Increasing clinical data indicate that atrial fibrosis is a critical common left atrial (LA) substrate in AF patients (pts). OBJECTIVE: We applied a new substrate modification concept according to the individual fibrotic substrate as estimated from electroanatomic voltage mapping (EAVM) in 41 pts undergoing catheter ablation of AF. RESULTS: First, EAVM during sinus rhythm was done in redo cases of 10 pts with paroxysmal AF despite durable PVI. Confluent low-voltage areas (LVA) were found in all pts and were targeted with circumferential isolation, so-called box isolation of fibrotic areas (BIFA). This strategy led to stable sinus rhythm in 9/10 pts and was transferred prospectively to first procedures of 31 pts with nonparoxysmal AF. In 13 pts (42\%), no LVA (<0.5 mV) were identified, and only PVI was performed. In 18 pts (58\%), additional BIFA strategies were applied (posterior box in 5, anterior box in 7, posterior plus anterior box in 5, no box in 1 due to diffuse fibrosis). Mean follow-up was 12.5 ± 2.4 months. Single-procedure freedom from AF/atrial tachycardia was achieved in 72.2\% of pts and in 83.3\% of pts with 1.17 procedures/patient. CONCLUSIONS: In approximately 40\% of pts with nonparoxysmal AF, no substantial LVA were identified, and PVI alone showed high success rate. In pts with paroxysmal AF despite durable PVI and in approximately 60\% of pts with nonparoxysmal AF, individually localized LVA were identified and could be targeted successfully with the BIFA strategy. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This article was published in J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol
and referenced in Arrhythmia: Open Access